There are people who can tell when they are about to have migraine. These people usually see bright shimmering lights around objects, zigzag lines or wavy images. Others experience hallucinations or temporary loss of vision.What is Migraine?Migraine is a condition described as a very painful type of headache, with a throbbing and pulsating pain intensified by routine physical activities, coughing, straining, or lowering of the head. The debilitating pain is so severe that it interferes with daily activities. Oftentimes, migraine sufferers end up feeling weak and fatigued once the headache is gone. People with migraine headaches start experiencing pain in a specific area on one side of the head. Later on, the pain spreads and builds in intensity for one to two hours, and then gradually subsides. However, migraine headache can last up to 24 hours long, and in some cases, even for several days. Migraine is generally more common in women than in men and may occur at any age between 10 to 40, then diminishes at the age of 50.Causes of MigraineThere is no known causes of migraine, a condition which may result from a series of reactions in the central nervous system due to changes in the body or in the environment. Oftentimes, a family history of the disorder suggets that migraine sufferers may inherit sensitivity to trigger that impair the blood vessels and nerves in the brain, thereby causing pain. TriggersAny stimulus that produces a reaction is called a Trigger. Many things can trigger a migraine attack such as:alcohol (eg. red wine) caffeine (coffee, chocolate)monosodium glutamate ( MSG usually found in asian foods)nitrates (processed foods, hotdogs)environmental factors (weather, altitude, time zone changes)exposure to light (brightness, glare)hormonal changes (in women)hungerlack of sleepanxietystressmedications (over-the-counter and prescription)perfumesSigns and Symtoms of MigraineDuring migraine attacks, people tend to be very sensitive to light (photophobia) and sound (phonophobia). There may also be signs of nausea and vomiting. Other symptoms may include cold and sweaty hands and/or feet, as well as intolerance of unusual odors. Types of MigraineMigraine with aura is a neurological phenomenon (aura) experienced 10 to 30 minutes prior to the headache. Auras may either be visual or non visual. Visual migraines, also called scintillating scotomas, are described as bright flashing lights or glares at the edges of the field of vision. Non-visual auras include motor weakness, speech or language difficulties, vertigo, dizziness, and the tingling sensation or numbness of the face, tongue, or extremeties.Migraine without aura is the most common type and may occur on one (unilateral) or both sides (bilateral) of the head. Fatigue or mood changes may occur the day prior to the headache. Abdominal migraine is most prevalent in children with a family history of migraine. Symptoms include abdominal pain without a gastro-intestinal cause (may last up to 72 hours), nausea, vomiting, and flushing or paleness. Children who have abdominal migraine often develop typical migraine as they grow older.Basilar artery migraine is the disruption of the basilar artery in the brainstem characterized by intense headache, vertigo, double vision, slurred speech, and poor muscle coordination. This is prevalent among the youth.Carotidynia, also known as lower-half headache or facial migraine, is described as deep, dull aching and sometimes piercing pain in the jaw or neck where there is tenderness and swelling over the carotid artery in the neck. This is most common in older people and may occur several times weekly and last a few minutes to hours.Headache-free migraine is having the presence of aura without the headache. This is common to patients with a history of migraine with aura.Ophthalmoplegic migraine is characterized by a headache that is first felt in the eye area and is accompanied by vomiting. As the headache intensifies, the eyelid droops (ptosis) and the nerves responsible for the eye movement become paralyzed. Status migraine is a rare type that involves excruciating pain that can last even longer than 72 hours. The patient may require hospitalization.Migraine RemediesThere are several over-the-counter and prescription medicines that can help prevent migraine attacks or aid in relieving symptoms of attacks when they happen. For most people, treatments to relieve stress prove to be equally helpful as migraine remedies. Always remember to consult your physicians for proper diagnosis of your condition before taking any medication.
During this busy holiday season, as you nestle snug in your bed, forget the presents yet to be wrapped and settle your brain for a long winter's nap. Sleep specialists say the best gift you can give yourself this year is the gift of sleep. According to a study published in the September 2005 issue of the journal Sleep, the average sleep duration among U.S. adults is only 6.9 hours per night, and 39 percent get less than the 7 to 9 hours recommended by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM). Add to that the extra demands of the holiday season - shopping for gifts after work, party preparation, waiting until the kids are asleep to wrap the gifts -and it's easy to see why many people are more sleep-deprived than ever this time of year. "We see more people in sleep centers after the holidays because the hectic season took a toll on their sleep," said Dr. Donna Arand, sleep specialist for the AASM. "You also will not enjoy the holidays as much if you are getting up early, going to bed late and are stressed out. You can't be your best holiday self if you are fighting sleep deprivation."The AASM offers these suggestions for better sleep during the holiday season:* Take time to relax. Even if you have a lot to do, allow yourself to stop at a certain point in the evening. Giving your brain time to wind down before bed will help you sleep better. * Keep your sleep pattern on schedule. Maintain a regular bedtime and wake-up time. Other regular rituals, such as a warm bath, a light snack or a few minutes of reading, also may help.* Plan ahead for holiday chores. Set aside time earlier in the day to wrap gifts, decorate the house, plan your holiday menu and similar tasks. To stay on track, write these "appointments" in your daily planner.* Love eggnog? Avoid too much alcoholic eggnog or coffee at evening holiday parties. Alcohol and caffeine can inhibit your normal sleep pattern.
Changing food into fat looks very simple for most people. Shaking them off the body is absolutely easier said than done, and to get done with it, you have only four options: 1. Lessen the amount of food that you eat and maintain an active life 2. Boost your activities and maintain the food intake at an unvarying rate 3. Merge both forces by dieting and exercising at the same time 4. Seek obesity treatment and stop the problemsIt may all sound too easy. However, when the number of people accumulating more fat that they can burn continues to increase, obesity becomes a serious disease. At this point, it is important to seek some medical help immediately.The problem is that many people tend to become professional dieters. They peel off pounds with the current fad diet, only to put the weight back on after reaching their goals and return to the habits that made them fat in the first place.But people cannot just blame their fat on food. In one study of the causes of obesity, researchers found that only 3.2% of obese people became fat because of increased food intake. In 67.5% of the cases, inactivity was associated with the onset of obesity.Obesity TreatmentToday, there are more obesity treatment methods than there are a few years back. That is why people can make better choices. They no longer have to stick with just one treatment just as what their friends have said so because what worked for their friends may not necessarily work for them.Treating obesity is a matter of choosing the right approach that will work best for ones body. Many factors must be considered in order to achieve the best obesity treatment possible.Obesity treatment strategies may range from the simplest to the most complicated method of therapy. Nevertheless, with the right choice, obese people will always find feasible means to end their woes.Heres how:1. Talk to the expertAlways consult your doctor before seeking any treatment. A good obesity treatment lies on how it will be effective when applied on you. Thus, it is important to consult your doctor to analyze and evaluate your condition and come up with a better form of treatment.2. Know how much weight you want to shed offMost failed regimen of losing weight is factored in the tendency of most dieters to lose weight without having an ideal amount of weight to shed off. When experts say they should have a goal, they just focus on that lose weight.The point is that in order to identify the correct obesity treatment, it is important that you know how much you really want to lose. From that point, you and your doctor can work together in assessing and evaluating strategies that will work best for you.3. Assess your problemsIt is extremely important to know what brings about obesity in a particular individual. Of course, most people would say that excessive intake of food is the ultimate culprit. What they do not know is that there are various underlying problems causing obesity.If you tend to eat too much calories and you are not even aware of food labels, the types of food, and the different effects they will have on your body, it is best that you go for a dietary treatment.If you are living a sedentary life and should be exercising more to burn those accumulated and stored fats, then it is time for you to undergo a serious physical activity.If you tend to binge on foods whenever you are depressed, behavior therapy is the right approach to lose weight. There are many people these days that tend to eat more whenever they are depressed.All of these things are focused on helping obese people to lose weight finally. The point here is that the only problem why obesity seems too hard to combat is that wrong approaches of obesity treatment have been employed.So the next lose-weight prescription that doctors should recommend in order to treat obesity will now be based on these factors and nothing else.
Most people believe that pregnancy is perhaps one of the happiest days of every womans life. Contrary to this, not all future mothers are ecstatic or joyous during their pregnancy. In fact, many women suffer from minor to serious cases of depression while they are pregnant.During pregnancy, hormonal changes occur in a womans body. Pregnancy hormones make women more susceptible to anxiety and depression problems. As sudden feelings of sadness and low moods are generally regarded as expectable effects of pregnancy, women tend to ignore such signs, without knowing that they are probably suffering from depression.For such reason, doctors always remind pregnant women to observe their mood swings in order to determine if they are already showing symptoms of depression. It is also frequently advised to pregnant mothers to update their doctors on the times they feel unnaturally low or sad, for mental and emotional health are very essential in pregnancy.Antidepressant medications in pregnancyTreatments for depression that are commonly recommended to pregnant women are psychotherapy and prescription drugs. For mild or non-severe cases of depression, medical experts only recommend therapy sessions as treatment.Medications, on the other hand, are advised to severe cases of depression. These antidepressant medications are the ones prescribed by doctors as therapy drugs to use during pregnancy. Despite the efficiency of medications as treatment for serious cases of depression among pregnant women, some people are still reluctant to adhere in drug treatments for a number of safety issues.Depression treatments for pregnant women are more carefully considered by doctors for these involve two patients: the mother and the baby. In consultations, doctors should let the future mothers know the benefits and risks associated in their recommended treatment, particularly the medications.Risks in using antidepressant medications on pregnancyDespite the notable side effects associated on the use of prescription drugs, women are not really prohibited on using antidepressant medications during pregnancy. Studies on the benefits and risks of these medications help people in choosing which prescription drugs work best. Clinical evidences also guide pregnant women which medications are safer to use and which ones should be avoided. The following are three common types of antidepressant medications that pregnant women should avoid: 1. PaxilPaxil is one type of antidepressant drug that is associated with fetal heart defects once taken during the first few months of pregnancy. Medical experts do not recommend the intake of Paxil medication to pregnant women. As for the risks on the baby, continuous intake of SSRI antidepressants may result to temporary withdrawal symptoms such as sleep disturbances and gastrointestinal complications. 2. Tricyclic antidepressantsTricyclic antidepressants are the older classifications of antidepressants. Pregnant women are discouraged to use these types of medications, for these may pose higher risk for unborn babies to have physical deformities. 3. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitorsWhen pregnant women take antidepressant medications like Celexa and Prozac, their unborn babies are more susceptible to develop serious lung complications. Despite such possible side effect on pregnancy, serotonin reuptake inhibitors medications are proven to be effective drug therapy for depression.